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How many times a day should your rabbit eat?

Why a rabbit's diet is important

Welcome to this blog about the nutritional needs of your beloved rabbit! As a proud rabbit owner, you naturally want the very best for your fluffy friend. A healthy diet is crucial here, so it's no wonder you're wondering how many times a day you should feed your rabbit. In this blog we will tell you exactly how often your rabbit should eat, what a healthy diet entails and which foods you should avoid. We understand better than anyone that your rabbit is an important part of your life, which is why we will present this information in a warm and loving way. Let's get started quickly and make sure your rabbit stays healthy and happy!

1. A rabbit's nutritional needs

What a rabbit needs in terms of nutrients

It is important to know which nutrients your rabbit needs to stay healthy. A balanced diet should not only contain sufficient nutrition, but also the right nutrients in the right proportions. This way you prevent your rabbit from becoming malnourished or developing diseases.


Fiber is essential for a rabbit's digestive system. Rabbits have an intestinal system that is specially adapted to process high-fiber foods. The majority of their diet should therefore consist of hay. Hay is rich in fiber and helps keep the rabbit's intestines healthy. In addition, fruit and vegetables can also contain fiber, but make sure that they do not contain too many sugars and starch.


Proteins are important for building and maintaining body tissues and organs. Rabbits need protein to maintain and repair their muscles. Protein can be found in hay, grass, vegetables and a small amount in commercial rabbit food.


Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for rabbits, but it is important to pay attention to the type of carbohydrates. Too much sugar and starch can upset a rabbit's gut and contribute to the development of disease. Carbohydrates can be found in vegetables, fruits and commercial rabbit foods.


Fats are a source of energy and help the body absorb certain vitamins and minerals. However, an excess of fat can lead to weight gain and health problems. Fats can be found in nuts, seeds and a small amount in commercial rabbit foods.

It is important to remember that rabbits need a diet that is high in fiber and low in sugar and starch. A well-balanced diet based on hay, supplemented with vegetables and a small amount of commercial rabbit food, will provide your rabbit with all the essential nutrients it needs to stay healthy.

How much food a rabbit needs per day

Now that you know what nutrients a rabbit needs, it's time to see how much food a rabbit needs per day. It is important to know that the amount of food a rabbit needs depends on several factors, such as the weight, age, sex and activity of your rabbit.


Hay is the main source of nutrition for rabbits and should always be available. Rabbits should have unlimited access to hay so that they can nibble throughout the day and their digestive system stays healthy. As a rule of thumb, you can assume that a rabbit should be fed a daily amount of hay that corresponds to the size of its body.


Vegetables can be a good addition to a rabbit's diet. Give your rabbit about 2 cups of vegetables per kilogram of body weight daily. Make sure that you do not give too many vegetables that are rich in sugars and starches, such as carrots and beets. Feed these vegetables in moderation and avoid vegetables that can be toxic to rabbits, such as onions and leeks.

Commercial rabbit food

Commercial rabbit food can also be part of a rabbit's diet, but it is important to remember that this food should not be the main source of nutrition. Give your rabbit about 1/4 cup of food per kilogram of body weight daily. Preferably choose feed that is low in sugars and starch and that has been specially developed for rabbits.


Water is essential for rabbits. Make sure your rabbit always has access to fresh water. Refill the drinker at least once a day and clean the drinker regularly to prevent bacteria from growing in it

As a rule of thumb, an adult rabbit should receive about 80% hay, 15% vegetables and 5% commercial rabbit food daily. Adjust the amount of food based on the weight and activity of your rabbit and make sure there is always enough hay available. By providing a balanced diet and adequate nutrition, you can help your rabbit stay healthy and happy.

2. The importance of proper nutrition

What you shouldn't give to a rabbit

Although it is important to know what food is suitable for rabbits, it is also good to know what food you should not feed a rabbit. Below are some foods that can be toxic or harmful to rabbits.

Sweets and sugary products

Sweets such as candies, cookies, chocolate, cakes and sugary drinks are not suitable for rabbits. They often contain a lot of sugar and can lead to obesity and dental problems.

Nuts and seeds

Nuts and seeds can cause constipation in rabbits. In addition, they are often high in fat and low in fiber, which can lead to digestive problems. Rather give your rabbit hay and vegetables as the main sources of dietary fiber.


Avocado is poisonous to rabbits and can cause breathing problems, weakness and even death. Therefore, make sure you never give your rabbit avocado.

Coffee and tea

Coffee and tea contain caffeine, which can be harmful to rabbits. It can lead to restlessness, trembling and difficulty breathing. Therefore, make sure that you do not give your rabbit coffee or tea.

Onion, garlic and leek

Onion, garlic and leeks contain substances that can damage rabbits' red blood cells, leading to anemia. Therefore, avoid these vegetables in your rabbit's diet.

Vegetables with a high sugar content

Some vegetables have a high sugar content and can lead to obesity and dental problems in rabbits. Avoid vegetables such as carrots, beets and peas as the main source of nutrition.

Remember it's important to know what you can and can't feed your rabbit. Make sure you feed good quality food and avoid foods that can be toxic to rabbits. By providing the right food, you can help your rabbit stay healthy and happy.

The role of hay in a rabbit's diet

Hay is one of the most important components in a rabbit's diet. It is rich in dietary fiber and low in calories and fat, which helps keep rabbits' digestive systems healthy. Here are some reasons why hay is essential in a rabbit's diet:

Dietary fiber

Hay contains a lot of dietary fiber that helps to keep rabbits' digestive system going. The fiber in hay ensures that the food passes through the digestive system properly, so that the rabbits have healthy intestines and are less likely to suffer from digestive problems.

Dental health

Hay is also important for rabbit dental health. The fibers in hay provide natural wear and tear for rabbits' teeth, preventing their teeth from growing too long and causing dental problems.


Rabbits are grazers by nature and need to eat throughout the day. Hay helps them meet this need and prevents them from chewing on other things like their cage, furniture or even their own fur.

Weight control

Because hay is low in calories and high in fiber, it helps rabbits maintain a healthy weight. This is especially important for rabbits that tend to be overweight or obese.

It is recommended that rabbits be given unlimited hay and replaced regularly to ensure it remains fresh and of good quality. Hay should be the main source of nutrition in a rabbit's diet, followed by vegetables and a small amount of pellets. By providing enough hay in your rabbit's diet, you can help your rabbit stay healthy and happy.

3. Other considerations for a rabbit's diet

Water and drinking bottles

Just like food, water is an important part of a rabbit's diet. Rabbits need daily access to fresh, clean water to stay hydrated and keep their bodily functions working properly. Here are some things to keep in mind when it comes to water and drinking bottles for your rabbit:

Drinking bottles

The use of drinking bottles is the most hygienic way to give water to your rabbit. It prevents the water from becoming contaminated with dirt and faeces, which can lead to diseases. Make sure the drinking bottle is clean and working properly so that your rabbit always has access to fresh water.

amount of water

Rabbits usually drink between 50-150 milliliters of water per kilogram of body weight per day. It is important to monitor your rabbit's water consumption, especially if the weather is hot or if your rabbit has been getting more exercise than usual. Make sure your rabbit always has access to enough water to prevent dehydration.

Water quality

Make sure the water you give your rabbit is clean and safe. Change the water at least once a day and wash the drinking bottle thoroughly to remove any bacteria. Preferably use tap water or filtered water instead of distilled or boiled water, as these contain fewer minerals and trace elements that are essential for your rabbit's health.

By paying attention to your rabbit's water consumption and making sure he or she always has access to fresh, clean water, you can help your rabbit stay healthy and function optimally. Remember to check and clean the drinking bottle regularly, and to provide plenty of hay, vegetables and pellets to supplement your rabbit's diet.

Giving treats

Giving your rabbit treats can be a great way to strengthen your bond and reward your rabbit for good behavior. It is important to choose the right treats and feed them in moderation to avoid overfeeding and obesity.

Which treats are suitable?

Some fruits and vegetables can be used as treats for your rabbit. Suitable options are, for example, small pieces of apple, banana, strawberry or carrot. Make sure the treats are not too big and that your rabbit can digest them well. Treats should not exceed 5% of your rabbit's daily diet.

Avoid sugary treats

It is important to avoid sugary treats such as candies and chocolate. These treats are not healthy for rabbits and can lead to obesity and dental problems. Nuts and seeds are also not suitable as treats for rabbits, as they are often too fatty.

Don't give too many treats

While treats are a nice way to spoil your rabbit, it's important not to give too much. Too many treats can lead to overfeeding and obesity, which in turn can lead to health problems such as dental problems and digestive problems.

Give treats at the right times

Treats should be given as a reward or to spoil your rabbit. Don't feed treats as a main meal as your rabbit won't get the nutrients it needs to stay healthy.

Giving treats can be a fun way to reward and spoil your rabbit. But it's important to choose appropriate treats and feed them in moderation to avoid health problems. Remember that treats should only be a small part of your rabbit's diet and the main meal should consist of hay, vegetables and pellets.

Read more about it here:The ultimate guide to the best food for rabbits

4. frequently asked questions

Below you will find some frequently asked questions about rabbit nutrition:

Do I have to give my rabbit green food every day?

Yes, it is important to give your rabbit green food on a daily basis, such as leafy vegetables and carrots. This provides your rabbit with important nutrients and fiber it needs to stay healthy.

How many pellets should I give my rabbit per day?

The amount of pellets your rabbit needs depends on the weight of your rabbit. It is generally recommended that you feed no more than 1/8 cup of pellets per kilogram of body weight.

Can I give my rabbit fruit as a treat?

Yes, fruit can be used as a treat for rabbits. Make sure the fruit is cut into small pieces and don't give it too often or too much, because fruit contains sugar.

Should I feed my rabbit hay every day?

Yes, hay should always be available for your rabbit. Hay is essential for rabbits' digestion and helps to wear down their teeth.

Can I feed my rabbit grass?

Yes, rabbits can eat grass, but make sure the grass has not been treated with chemicals and that your rabbit does not have access to grass that has been contaminated with other animals' feces.

What should I do if my rabbit is not eating?

If your rabbit stops eating, this could be a sign of illness. Contact a vet if your rabbit is not eating or is eating less than usual.

It's important to keep a close eye on your rabbit's diet and make sure it's getting the right nutrients it needs to stay healthy. If you have any questions about your rabbit's diet, please contact a veterinarian.

Also take a look at our webshop for the best rabbit products!

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