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The ultimate guide to the best food for rabbits

1 Introduction

Why is food so important for rabbits?

Welcome to our ultimate guide to the best rabbit food! As the proud owner of a rabbit, you probably already know how important it is to feed them the right food. Whether you've just started keeping rabbits or have years of experience, finding the perfect food can be a challenge. But don't worry, we're here to help!

With our comprehensive guide, we'll cover everything you need to know about rabbits' basic needs, the different types of food, the amount and frequency, and what to avoid. We want you and your rabbits to be happy and healthy together, which is why we want to provide you with everything you need to know how to choose the best food for your rabbit.

So, pull up your most comfortable chair, pour yourself a nice drink, and let's find out together how to find the best food for your rabbit!

2. Rabbit basic needs


Water is just as important to rabbits as food. It is essential to their health and well-being and should therefore always be available. Here are some important things to know about providing water for your rabbits.

Clean water: Always provide clean and fresh water. Change the water daily and regularly check that the water tank is clean and free of dirt or bacteria.

Steady water source: Rabbits need a steady water source, so make sure you have a sturdy water bottle that will stay in place.

Sufficient amount: Make sure there is always enough water available for your rabbits. Amount varies depending on the rabbit's size and activities, but a general rule is to always have at least one full water bottle available.

Watch for changes: Watch for changes in your rabbit's water consumption pattern. If the rabbit is suddenly drinking less water, this could be a sign of a health problem and you should see a vet.


To stay healthy and happy, rabbits need a balanced diet rich in important nutrients. Below we discuss the most important nutrients that your rabbit needs.

Proteins: Rabbits need proteins for the growth and repair of muscles and tissues. Dietary sources of protein for rabbits include hay, leafy vegetables and herbs.

Fats: Fats are important for maintaining healthy skin and a shiny coat. Dietary sources of fats for rabbits include unroasted peanuts and flaxseed.

Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for rabbits. Dietary sources of carbohydrates for rabbits include hay and vegetables.

Vitamins and minerals: Vitamins and minerals are necessary for the general well-being and health of your rabbit. Dietary sources of vitamins and minerals for rabbits include vegetables, fruits and herbs.

Fiber: Fiber is essential for the health of your rabbit's gut and should therefore be an important part of their diet. Dietary sources of fiber for rabbits are hay and vegetables.


Fiber is essential for the health of your rabbit's gut and therefore plays an important role in their diet. Fiber helps strengthen the digestive system and promote healthy bowel movements. Below we discuss the different types of fiber and the dietary sources that are rich in fiber.

Crude fiber: Crude fiber is indigestible fiber that promotes bowel movements and helps maintain healthy intestinal flora. Dietary sources of crude fiber for rabbits include hay, vegetables and herbs.

Digestible fiber: Digestible fiber is eaten by the good bacteria in your rabbit's gut, helping to produce healthy intestinal flora. Dietary sources of digestible fiber for rabbits are vegetables and herbs.

3. Different kinds of rabbit food


Hay is an important part of your rabbit's diet and provides a rich source of fiber and nutrients. Below we discuss the different types of hay available and how to choose the best hay for your rabbit.

Types of hay: Several types of hay are available, including Timothy hay, herb hay, and multiflower hay. Always choose fresh, dry and fragrant hay, and avoid hay with sprouted seeds or stems, or hay that has dried out.

Amount of hay: Make sure your rabbit always has enough hay to eat. About 85% of their daily diet should consist of hay.

When to change hay: Hay should be changed daily so that your rabbit always has plenty of fresh and clean hay.


Kibble is another important part of your rabbit's diet and can help supplement nutrients that are not present in adequate amounts in hay. Below we discuss the different types of kibble that are available and how you can choose the best kibble for your rabbit.

Types of kibble: Several types of kibble are available, including alfalfa kibble, herb kibble, and kibble with vitamins and minerals. Always choose kibble specially designed for rabbits and avoid kibble formulated for other pets.

Amount of kibble: The recommended amount of kibble varies depending on the size and age of your rabbit, but as a general guideline, an adult rabbit should eat about 1 tablespoon of kibble per day.

When to give kibble: Kibble is best given in the morning and in the evening.

Fresh fruits and vegetables

In addition to hay and kibble, it is important to give rabbits fresh fruit and vegetables. This adds extra nutrients and vitamins to their diet and also makes it fun and varied for them. However, it is important to pay attention to how much and which types of fruit and vegetables you give to your rabbit.

A recommended amount is about 1 to 2 tablespoons of fruit and 2 to 3 tablespoons of vegetables per kilogram of the rabbit's body weight per day. Please note that some fruit and vegetables can contain toxic substances for rabbits, so before adding anything new to their diet it is always wise to check that it is safe.

Popular and safe fruit options include apples, pears, melons, and berries. For vegetables you can think of carrots, spinach, celery, beetroot and broccoli. Keep in mind that rabbits prefer to eat more vegetables than fruit, because fruit contains a lot of sugar.

It's also important to make sure the fruits and veggies you give are fresh and won't spoil or age. Spoiled or stale food can cause diarrhea and other health problems. So always make sure that you use up fruit and vegetables on time or throw them away if they have expired.


There is no doubt that a good and varied diet is the basis of a healthy lifestyle for your rabbit. However, there are certain supplements that your rabbit may need to improve and maintain its health. Below are some important supplements to consider for your rabbit.

Vitamin C: Rabbits cannot produce vitamin C themselves and need this vitamin to support their body. You can add vitamin C supplements to your rabbit's diet or by providing healthy vegetables such as capsicum and cabbage.

Minerals: Rabbits need certain minerals to keep their bones and teeth healthy. Therefore, add mineral supplements such as lime to your rabbit's diet.

Probiotics: Probiotics can help maintain a healthy intestinal flora and improve your rabbit's digestion. You can add probiotic supplements to your rabbit's diet or by giving them probiotic foods such as yogurt.

Keep in mind that too much supplementation is not always better, and it's important to follow the instructions on the package and talk to your vet before adding any supplements to your rabbit's diet. It's always better to make sure you're adding the right supplement to your rabbit's diet, in the right amount, to ensure your rabbit stays healthy and happy.

4. Quantity and frequency

Daily amount

It's important to know how much food your rabbit needs each day to make sure he's getting a healthy and balanced diet. A good way to determine this is by looking at your rabbit's weight and activity levels. In general, adult rabbits need about 1-2% of their body weight in food.

Remember that hay should be the basis of their diet and it should consist mainly of fiber. This means they should always have access to fresh hay. In addition, they also need a small amount of kibble, fruit and vegetables every day, and sometimes supplements.

It is important not to overfeed as rabbits can easily become overweight. It is also advisable to feed the food at certain times throughout the day so that they get into a regular routine and don't consume excessive amounts at one time.

How often should you feed

Hay, which is high in fiber, should always be available to your rabbit. Kibble and fresh fruits and vegetables should be fed in limited amounts depending on your rabbit's age, size and activity level.

In general, it is recommended to feed rabbits twice a day. In the morning you can offer kibble and fresh fruit and vegetables, and in the evening mainly hay. It is important to limit the amount of kibble and fresh fruits and vegetables to avoid overfeeding, while ensuring that your rabbit is getting enough fibre.

It is also important to remember that every rabbit is unique and some rabbits require more or less food than others. It is therefore always recommended to follow a veterinarian's recommendations and monitor your rabbit's health closely. If you notice that your rabbit is too fat or too skinny, adjust the amount of food

5. What to avoid

Poisonous plants and food

Some plants, such as lupine, potatoes and tomatoes, contain toxins that can be harmful to rabbits. In addition, certain parts of some fruits and vegetables, such as the leaves of root vegetables, can be toxic to rabbits.

It is therefore important to know which plants and foods to avoid with your rabbit. It is advisable to consult a veterinarian if you have any doubts about the safety of certain foods for your animal.

Other foods that can be toxic to rabbits include chocolate, alcohol and sugary products. It is important to keep these foods away from your rabbit and avoid including them in their diet.

Too much sugar and salt

As with most animals, too much sugar and salt is bad for rabbits. Rabbits have specific nutritional needs and too much sugar and salt can lead to health problems such as obesity, diarrhea and dental problems. It is important to limit the amount of sugar and salt in your rabbit's diet.

There are a number of ways to prevent your rabbit from consuming too much sugar and salt. One of these ways is by choosing high-quality kibble and hay, which contain little to no added sugars and salts. It is also important to limit the number of snacks and treats and to opt for healthy alternatives, such as fruit and vegetables.

Another way to ensure that your rabbit does not consume too much sugar and salt is to provide enough water. Water is important to remove sugars and salts from your rabbit's body. Make sure your rabbit always has access to fresh, clean drinking water.

6. frequently asked questions

There are a lot of questions people have about feeding their rabbits, and it's understandable! Below you will find the most frequently asked questions about feeding rabbits and our answers.

How do I know if my rabbit is getting enough nutrition?

It is important to know if your rabbit is getting enough nutrition. Indications of this are healthy skin, a shiny coat and regular stools. If you have any doubts, consult your veterinarian.

What is the best food for my rabbit?

There is no one answer to this question, as it depends on your rabbit's age, size, health and activity level. In general, a healthy balance of hay, vegetables and kibble is best for your rabbit.

How often should I feed my rabbit?

This will depend on your rabbit's age, size, health and activity level. In general, it is advisable to feed rabbits twice a day, but this can vary.

Can I give rabbits sugar and salt?

No, sugar and salt are not healthy for rabbits and can lead to health problems. It is important to feed your rabbit a healthy and balanced diet without these ingredients.

Can I just house rabbits?

Yes, rabbits do not need specific housing. However, it is important to provide a spacious and comfortable home that is clean and dry.

How do I know if my rabbit is not getting too fat?

It is important to monitor your rabbit's weight gain. If you have any doubts, consult your veterinarian. A healthy weight is determined by a visual inspection of the ribs and a palpable contour along the spine.

Finally, we would like to thank you for reading our ultimate guide to the best food for rabbits. We hope you now have a better understanding of the different foods and supplements available for your rabbit and what is best for their health and well-being.

If you are looking for high-quality food for your rabbit, be sure to check out our webshop . We offer an extensive range of products that meet the highest standards and have been specially developed for rabbits.

We also have many more interestingblogs and articles about rabbit care and health. Keep an eye on our site to keep up to date with the latest developments and advice in the world of rabbit care. Until next time!

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