The Bergamasco is an ancient Italian dog breed originating in the Bergamo region of Lombardy. These dogs were traditionally bred as herding dogs for guarding and herding cattle in the mountains. Their thick, felt-like fur protects them from the harsh mountain weather. Because their appearance and function have remained unchanged for centuries, the Bergamasco is believed to be among the oldest dog breeds in the world.
The Bergamasco is known for its gentle and balanced character. They are intelligent and trainable, but also have an independent mind and a certain stubbornness. By nature they are reserved with strangers, but they are loyal and protective of their family. Bergamascos generally make good pets, but they do need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them from getting bored.
In general, the Bergamasco is a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 13 to 15 years. However, there are some health issues that the breed can be prone to, including hip dysplasia and eye problems. Potential owners should be aware of these risks and ensure that the parent stock has been tested for these conditions before deciding to purchase a Bergamasco.
The care of the Bergamasco is an important point of attention for potential owners. Their coat is dense and felt-like, so it requires regular brushing and combing to prevent tangles and keep the coat healthy. The coat should not be shaved, as this affects the dog's natural protection against the elements. In general, the Bergamasco is an easy dog to care for, but it is important to spend enough time on their coat to ensure it stays healthy.