Wat is spondylose bij honden? - Pawsource

What is Spondylosis in Dogs?

Have you ever heard of spondylosis in dogs? If you're a dog owner, it's important to be aware of this condition so you know what you can do to help your four-legged friend if it develops. In this article, you'll learn what spondylosis is, how it is diagnosed and treated, and how you can improve the life of a dog with spondylosis. Let's start!

What is Spondylosis in Dogs?

Spondylosis is a condition that affects the dog's spine. It is a degenerative disease that leads to the formation of bony prominences (osteophytes) on the vertebrae. This bone growth can cause pain and discomfort and limit the dog's range of motion.

Causes of spondylosis

Spondylosis usually develops as a result of aging, but there are other factors that contribute to the onset of this condition, such as obesity, genetic predisposition, and injury. An inactive lifestyle can also contribute to the development of spondylosis.

Symptoms of Spondylosis in Dogs

The symptoms of spondylosis in dogs can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the location of the bone growth. Some common symptoms are:

  • Stiffness and pain when moving
  • Lameness
  • Difficulty getting up or lying down
  • Loss of mobility and flexibility
  • Change in posture and gait

Diagnosing Spondylosis in Dogs

If you suspect your dog has spondylosis, it's important to make an appointment with your vet. They can make an accurate diagnosis and draw up an appropriate treatment plan.

Physical examination

The vet will first perform a thorough physical exam to look for signs of pain and stiffness. This may include feeling the spine and observing the dog as it walks and moves.

X-rays and other diagnostic tests

To definitively diagnose spondylosis, the vet may take X-rays of the spine. These images can reveal the presence of osteophytes and other abnormalities. In some cases, additional diagnostic tests, such as an MRI or CT scan, may be needed to gain more information about the condition.

Treatment of spondylosis in dogs

While there is no cure for spondylosis, several treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and improve the dog's quality of life.


Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may be prescribed to relieve the pain and inflammation associated with spondylosis. In some cases, muscle relaxants and/or corticosteroids may also be prescribed.

Physiotherapy and exercises

Physical therapy can be an important part of treating spondylosis in dogs. This may include individual exercise programs, hydrotherapy, and massages. The goal of physical therapy is to improve muscle strength and flexibility and reduce pain.


In severe cases of spondylosis, where the spine is severely affected or nerves are compressed, surgery may be necessary. This may include removing the osteophytes or stabilizing the spine. The decision to operate is made based on the severity of the condition and the dog's overall health.

Alternative therapies

There are also alternative therapies that can help relieve the symptoms of spondylosis in dogs, such as acupuncture, chiropractic, and homeopathy. While the effectiveness of these treatments may vary, they may provide relief for some dogs and may be worth a try.

Living with a dog with spondylosis

If your dog has been diagnosed with spondylosis, there are some adjustments you can make to make his life easier and more comfortable.

Adjustments at home

Make sure your dog has a comfortable and supportive place to sleep, such as an orthopedic dog bed. Avoid placing the dog sleeping place on a cold or damp floor. Make your home safer by placing non-slip mats or rugs on slippery floors, and avoid stairs if your dog has difficulty with these.

Diet and weight management

It's important to control your dog's weight, as excess weight can put extra stress on the spine and worsen spondylosis symptoms. Feed your dog a balanced and nutritious diet and consult with your vet about appropriate portion sizes. Also provide plenty of exercise, adapted to your dog's needs and limitations.

Attention to the emotional well-being of the dog

Pain and discomfort can cause stress and anxiety in your dog. Provide a calm and relaxed environment and spend extra time giving love, attention and comfort. Also, mentally stimulate your dog with interactive toys and puzzles to keep him happy and engaged.

Prevention of spondylosis in dogs

While it's not always possible to prevent spondylosis, there are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this condition:

  • Get regular exercise to keep your dog's muscles and joints flexible and strong.
  • Control your dog's weight to prevent additional stress on the spine.
  • Feed your dog a balanced diet with enough nutrients to support healthy bones and joints.


Spondylosis in dogs is a degenerative condition that affects the spine and can lead to pain and limited mobility. Although it cannot be cured, several treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and improve the dog's quality of life. By paying attention to prevention, careful monitoring, and timely treatment, you can significantly improve your dog's life with spondylosis.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can Spondylosis in Dogs Be Cured? No, spondylosis is a degenerative condition that cannot be cured. However, with proper treatment and care, symptoms can be alleviated and the dog's quality of life can be significantly improved.
  2. How do I know if my dog ​​has spondylosis? If you suspect your dog has spondylosis, it's important to make an appointment with your vet. They can make an accurate diagnosis based on a physical exam, X-rays, and any additional diagnostic tests.

  3. Is spondylosis in dogs painful? Yes, spondylosis can be painful for dogs, especially if the bony prominences put pressure on nerves or surrounding tissues. It's important to be alert to signs of pain in your dog and to talk to your vet about appropriate pain management.

  4. Can young dogs also get spondylosis? While spondylosis is more common in older dogs, young dogs can also be affected, especially if they are genetically predisposed or suffer from an underlying condition affecting the spine.

  5. What can I do to prevent spondylosis in my dog? While it's not always possible to prevent spondylosis, you can reduce the risk by ensuring regular exercise, weight control, and a balanced diet. Talk to your vet about the best ways to support your dog's spinal health.

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