Oorinfecties: wat zijn de symptomen en hoe kun je het voorkomen? - Pawsource

Ear infections: what are the symptoms and how can you prevent them?

An ear infection is a common condition that can occur in the external auditory canal, middle ear, or inner ear. It can be very painful and in some cases it can also cause hearing loss. In this article, we'll discuss the symptoms of an ear infection and what you can do to prevent it.

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Symptoms of an ear infection

The symptoms of an ear infection can vary depending on the location of the infection. Below we discuss the most common symptoms for each type of infection.

Symptoms of an external ear infection

An external ear infection, also known as athlete's foot, occurs when the skin of the external ear canal becomes infected. The symptoms of an outer ear infection include:

  • Earache
  • Itching in the ear
  • Redness and swelling of the external auditory canal
  • Sensitivity when touching the ear
  • A discharge from the ear

Symptoms of a middle ear infection

A middle ear infection is an infection of the space behind the eardrum. The symptoms of a middle ear infection include:

  • Earache
  • Fever
  • hearing loss
  • A feeling of fullness in the ear
  • Nausea and vomiting

Symptoms of an inner ear infection

An inner ear infection is an infection of the inner ear, which consists of the cochlea and vestibular organ. The symptoms of an inner ear infection include:

  • Dizziness and balance problems
  • hearing loss
  • tinnitus
  • Nausea and vomiting

How can you prevent an ear infection?

There are a number of things you can do to prevent an ear infection. Below we discuss some preventive measures.

1. Keep your ears dry

A moist environment is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria and fungi that can cause ear infections. So make sure your ears stay dry. Use earplugs while swimming and dry your ears thoroughly after showering.

2. Avoid using cotton swabs

Cotton swabs can damage the skin of the external ear canal, making it easier for bacteria and fungi to enter. Therefore, do not use cotton swabs to clean your ears. If you still want to remove wax, use a drop of baby oil to loosen the wax.

3. Treat allergies and colds in time

Allergies and colds can lead to inflammation in the nasal and pharynx, making it easier for bacteria and viruses to spread to the ear. Therefore, treat allergies and colds in time to reduce the risk of an ear infection.

4. Avoid contact with people with an infection

Ear infections can be contagious. Therefore, avoid contact with people who show symptoms of an infection, such as coughing and sneezing.

Treatment of an ear infection

If you think you have an ear infection, it's important to see a doctor. Treatment depends on the location and severity of the infection. In some cases, antibiotics may be needed to fight the infection. Serious infections may require hospitalization.

Frequently Asked Questions About Ear Infections

  1. Can an ear infection go away on its own?
    • Yes, in some cases an ear infection can heal on its own. But if symptoms persist or worsen, it is important to see a doctor.
  2. How long does an ear infection last?
    • The duration of an ear infection can vary depending on the location and severity of the infection. Usually it takes a few days to a few weeks.
  3. Can an ear infection return?
    • Yes, an ear infection can return if the underlying cause is not treated.
  4. What are the complications of an ear infection?
    • Untreated ear infections can lead to hearing loss and, in rare cases, even permanent damage to the ear or brain.
  5. How often should ears be cleaned?
    • Ears do not need to be cleaned regularly. The ear has a self-cleaning mechanism and excessive cleaning can actually cause damage.

Conclusion

An ear infection is a nasty condition that can lead to pain and hearing loss. Fortunately, there are preventative measures you can take to reduce your risk of an ear infection, such as keeping your ears dry and avoiding cotton swabs. If you have symptoms of an ear infection, it's important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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